Remediation of lakes and a new port in the Baku area
Economic development and growth of Baku has put stress on the lakes that surround the city, resulting in a dramatic increase in dumping of sewage and solid waste. Some lakes carry an additional burden that is associated with extensive oil production in the area. In 2013 Witteveen+Bos performed environmental, ecological and hydrological system analyses to unravel the influences on nine lakes. Our company prepared a detailed plan for restoration and beautification with measures to reduce pollution and restore ecological and economic functions. In anticipation of the European Games in Baku in 2015, the remediation of Boyuk Shor, the largest lake in the area, was prioritised. With the measures executed, the lake will be rehabilitated and, hence, will attract new investments.
As a result of the demands of economic growth, Baku will also relocate the majority of port operations from the existing waterfront of Baku to an area located 65 km to the south to the city of Alyat. This new port is called the Baku International Sea Trade Port. Witteveen+Bos prepared the design for the land reclamation and for port facilities including quay walls over 1,75 kilometers and a ferry terminal. The structures are seismic proof.