The ‘Circular Design’ principle is about making choices for the current and future life cycles and ensuring closed material chains by making allowances in the design for the use of waste as a raw material. Circular design is aimed at minimizing the depletion of natural resources.
Circular design is about making choices that take account of current and future life cycles throughout the entire process: from the initiation phase through to exploration, design, execution, management and maintenance, followed by the next life cycle. That means thinking ahead about design and materials usage, at all levels and in all phases of a structure’s life cycle. In addition to the technical life cycle, designers learn to also consider the functional life cycle. Circular design is also about ‘closing the loop’ by using waste as a resource in the design process.