Turkey is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The latter two are connected through the Çanakkale Strait, the Sea of Marmara and the Istanbul Strait. These Turkish Straits in particular are vulnerable for the seawater being polluted by oil spills from ships. The intensity of marine traffic increases, as well as the subsequent chance of calamities. The Turkish authorities recognise this danger and have developed a law that serves as a basis for a structural approach towards minimisation of sea and shore pollution with oil and other harmful substances.
PPA/V is one of the Dutch pre-accession programmes that aim to assist candidate Member states in meeting the criteria for EU membership through dealing with the (consequences of) implementation of European legislation. The main objective of these programmes is twofold:
Within the framework of the pre-accession program PPA/V, the Dutch Agency for International Business and Cooperation (EVD) selected a consortium, with Witteveen+Bos as leading partner, to assist the Turkish authorities with the implementation of EU legislation related to marine spill response. During two years, many related activities have been performed:
The key element of the project approach was the use of spill response exercises. During such exercises, spill incidents were simulated and the representatives had to develop a joint strategy to respond to the incident. These exercises pinpointed the level of knowledge of participants, as well as the Turkish governmental bodies involved actually co-operated.